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加拿大“最古老博物館 ”改造是如何與新事物融合在一起的?第1張圖片

加拿大“最古老的博物館”
Diamond Schmitt Architects designs Canada's "oldest continuing museum"

由專筑網鄭京,小R編譯

總部位于多倫多的Diamond Schmitt建筑事務所受邀設計加拿大圣約翰的新不倫瑞克博物館,這是加拿大歷史悠久的博物館。

這座13.4萬平方英尺的建筑由Diamond Schmitt建筑事務所與國際公司EXP共同合作設計,將把目前分散在圣約翰各處博物館的不同藏品統一整合到一個全新的新古典主義建筑之中。

Toronto-based studio Diamond Schmitt Architects has been selected to design the New Brunswick Museum in Saint John, Canada, which is one of the country's oldest museums.
The 134,000-square-foot building designed by Diamond Schmitt Architects in collaboration with international firm EXP will unite the current disparate collections of the museum, currently spread in different facilities throughout Saint John, into a new facility at the site of the current neoclassical building.

加拿大“最古老博物館 ”改造是如何與新事物融合在一起的?第2張圖片
▲ 由Diamond Schmitt建筑事務所和EXP國際公司在加拿大圣約翰設計的新不倫瑞克博物館
Diamond Schmitt Architects and EXP have designed a museum in Saint John, New Brunswick


新博物館位于城市北部的一座于1934年開放的新古典主義建筑物內,這座建筑收藏了19世紀初以來城市不同地區的藏品,因此被稱為加拿大“最古老的博物館”。

這座由Diamond Schmitt建筑事務所和EXP國際公司合作的設計作品將創建一個聯合建筑結構,在擴大場地的同時,保留建筑東側面向街道的歷史立面和北部作為內墻的立面,以及部分歷史建筑的內部結構。

The museum's current primary location is within a neoclassical building on a slip of land north of the city that opened in 1934 – with roots in a collection operating in different parts of the city since the early 19th century, giving it the title of Canada's "oldest continuing museum".
Diamond Schmitt Architect and EXP's design will create a structure, expanding the site while maintaining the historic facade on the eastern, street-facing aspect of the building and the northern face, which will serve as an internal wall. Some of the historic building's interiors may be retained, according to the team.

加拿大“最古老博物館 ”改造是如何與新事物融合在一起的?第3張圖片
▲ 博物館建筑將與旁邊的20世紀30年代的新古典主義建筑聯接
It will be placed alongside a 1930s neoclassical structure


博物館的北部和西部位置將建造一座整體立面為垂直窗格的白色建筑,與毗鄰的歷史建筑相呼應的同時,使整個博物館建筑在西側面向水面。

Diamond Schmitt 建筑事務所負責人Donald Schmitt表示這樣設計是為了調解城市環境與海濱的關系。他說:“博物館的原址占據圣約翰的一處有利位置,該處位置的周圍環境和視野給了我們諸多靈感,促使我們的設計考慮了新不倫瑞克省豐富的歷史遺產和自然景觀!

To its north and west, a structure with a white, monolithic facade broken up by vertical panes of glass will be erected, complimenting the historic structure and completely obscuring it on the water-facing, western side.
According to the studio, the configuration was meant to mediate the urban environment with the waterfront.
"Taking inspiration from the museum's original site – one of the great vantage points in Saint John – our design embraces the rich history of New Brunswick's heritage and natural landscape," said Diamond Schmitt Architects principal Donald Schmitt.

加拿大“最古老博物館 ”改造是如何與新事物融合在一起的?第4張圖片
▲ 新建筑將面朝河流
The new build will face the river


建筑擁有雙層高的入口空間(工作室稱之為“大廳”),其外立面采用玻璃外墻,并于外側設計金屬百葉窗。它將創建一個緩沖區來充當建筑北側部分和歷史建筑之間的“十字路口”,而歷史建筑的立面將成為新中庭空間內的一面墻。

這種處理方法在其他歷史建筑改造項目中也有所運用,例如建筑工作室Studio Gang最近在美國阿肯色州美術館的改造項目、建筑師Rafael Viñoly在一個波爾多式建筑的美術館中打造玻璃中庭的項目以及建筑師Marcel Breuer在美國俄亥俄州克利夫蘭的擴建項目。

A double-height entryway – called the great room by the studio – will be clad in glass, fronted by metal louvres
It will create a buffer zone and serve as a "crossroads" between the northern section and the historical structure, the facade of which will be a wall within the new atrium space.
This is a move used in other modern additions to historic structures, such as Studio Gang's recent in-fill at the Arkansas Museum of Fine Arts and Rafael Viñoly's use of a glass atrium to create an interior plaza between a beaux arts structure and a Marcel Breuer addition in Cleveland.

加拿大“最古老博物館 ”改造是如何與新事物融合在一起的?第5張圖片
▲ 新建成的博物館將擁有一個巨大的大廳
It will have a large great room


入口大廳將新的羽翼般的建筑連在一起,并創建一條從停車場到西側露臺的通道。同時它將設有一個夾層走廊,通過半圓形的切口位置連接北側和西側的附加二層建筑。

This entry pavilion will connect to the new wings and create a pathway from the parking lot to the terrace on the western side.
It will have a mezzanine walkway that connects the second storeys of the north and west additions with semi-circular cut-outs.

加拿大“最古老博物館 ”改造是如何與新事物融合在一起的?第6張圖片
▲ 新建筑將設有畫廊、研究實驗室和聚會空間。圖片:Diamond Schmitt
It will have galleries, research labs and gathering spaces. Rendering by Diamond Schmitt


從效果圖可以看出,建筑空間內設有大型木柱和木梁,使用大量木材。

沿著新立面的天窗和垂直玻璃部分將讓充足的自然光進入包含畫廊、圓形劇場、聚集空間和研究設施在內的新空間。歷史建筑側樓及其地下室將設計為圖書館,作為博物館藏品的存儲空間和行政場所。屋頂的觀景區將被設置在入口大廳的頂部。

Diamond Schmitt建筑事務所表示:“待建設完成后,博物館的研究工作和展覽將在一個可持續、脫碳的設施內統一起來,充分支持博物館保護、研究、解釋和展示新不倫瑞克省自然和文化遺產的使命!

Renderings of the space show massive wooden columns and wooden rafters, and the studio said that the museum is "considering the use of mass timber" in the construction.
Skylights and the sections of vertical glass along the new facade will let in plenty of natural light to the new facilities, most of which is gallery space, but also includes amphitheatres, gathering spaces and research facilities.
The historic wing and its basement will hold a library and serve as storage for the museum's collection and as an administrative place. A rooftop viewing area will be placed on top of the "great room".
"When completed, the museum's research work and exhibitions will be brought together within one sustainable, decarbonized facility that fully supports the museum's mission of preserving, researching, interpreting, and exhibiting the natural and cultural heritage of the Province of New Brunswick," said Diamond Schmitt Architects.

加拿大“最古老博物館 ”改造是如何與新事物融合在一起的?第7張圖片
▲ 木材將作為重要材料使用在室內設計中。圖片:Diamond Schmitt
Wood details will be used on the interior. Rendering by Diamond Schmitt


該工作室目前正在尋求“零碳認證”,旨在通過隔熱、電鍋爐和空氣源熱泵等手段來使建筑“脫碳”。

The studio is currently pursuing a "zero-carbon certification" and aims to "decarbonize" the building through insulation, electric boilers and air source heat pumps.


圖片由PLAY-TIME提供,由Diamond Schmitt提供。

The images are by PLAY-TIME, courtesy of Diamond Schmitt.

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